Installation View  Student Union Art Gallery at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, April 2018

Installation View

Student Union Art Gallery at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, April 2018

Prevention “10 Million”

3.5” x 2.25” x .25”

March 2018

Plaster cast

365 Days to Prevent a Daughter

March 2018

365 expired birth control pills in jar

Empty birth control packets represent a tension between the forced usage of contraceptives, sterilizations, and the millions of abandoned female infants in China. In 1995 in China there were a reported 20,740,000 live births and 7,476,482 reported abortions.[1] Also 1995 in addition to the live births and abortions, subsequently there were 2,130 adoptions.[2] Despite the pill’s introduction as a method for choice and empowering women, the pill within my work symbolizes the loss of females, both aborted and adopted. This work seeks to explore the effects of the mass distribution of hormone based contraceptives as a harmful weapon that ultimately prevented the birth of daughters, while supporting pharmaceutical industries. Prevention methods were encouraged and enforced “via a system of incentives for compliance, such as preferential policies in educational opportunities, health care, housing and job assignments.”[3] In 2010, five years prior to the end of the one-child policy, “officials claimed that over 400 million births have been averted since the program's inception.”[4]

Originally the theme of forced contraceptive was to be addressed in a hand-stitched flag made from empty birth control packets donated from friends and acquaintances. But I realized subsequently that donated pill packets did not align conceptually with China’s program of forced contraceptives and sterilizations because the majority of the packets were given to me by women actively choosing to be on birth control.

Ultimately, I cast and reproduced multiple plaster replicas of birth control packets associated with the number “10 Million,” which refers to the average number of abortions per year in China.[5] This work is in direct conversation with my installation 365 Days to Prevent a Daughter created from collected expired birth control pills. It expresses my feelings of frustration, and sorrow for the losses suffered by all of the millions of Chinese adoptees. All of the works in Transplanted seek to make visible the vast number of women affected by the policy.[6]

[1]Johnston, Robert. “Historical Abortion Statistics, PR China.” Historical Abortion Statistics, PR China, 25 Mar. 2018,

[2]Johnston, Robert. “Historical international adoption statistics, United States and world.” Historical international adoption statistics, United States and world, 5 Aug. 2017,

[3]Wang, Cuntong. "History of the Chinese Family Planning Program: 1970–2010." Contraception, vol. 85, no. 6, June 2012, pp. 563-569.

[4] Ibid.

[5]Denyer, Simon. “Horrors of One-Child Policy Leave Deep Scars in Chinese Society.” The Washington Post, WP Company, 30 Oct. 2015,